Cancer is the disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. In this articles context, we discuss the cancer arising in the testis of men. Before we go on to talking about testicular cancer itself, we would like to briefly tell you about the anatomy of the human testicles.
The testicles or also called as testes, are part of the male reproductive system. There are two testis, which usually are just a little smaller than a golf ball in adult males and is covered by a sac of skin known as the scrotum. The two major functions of the testicles would be to produce male hormones also known as androgens such as testosterone. The other function would be to create sperm. The sperm itself is made in a long, thread-like tube inside the testicles called the seminiferous tubules which then are stored in the epididymis, a small coiled tube behind each testicle. During ejaculation, the sperm cells from the epididymis more through the vas deferens to seminal vesicles. Here they mix with fluids formed by the vesicles, prostate gland and other glands to make up semen. The semen is then expelled out via the urethra.
Here are some infographics on the incidence of testicular cancer in the United States:
Risk factors may not necessarily mean that you will develop the cancer. But having a risk factor changes your chances of developing testicular cancer. These are some of the risk factors:
Myths: There are no proven studies that link prior injury, trauma to the testicles or strenuous activity and recurrent actions like horseback riding to developing testicular cancer. Most studies have found that being physically active, reduces your risk of developing cancer.
There are different types of testicular cancer, which are:
There are several signs and symptoms that you may need to look out for. In the initial stages of developing testicular cancer, pain may not be the initial symptom that you may experience. These signs and symptoms may not necessarily mean that you have testicular cancer, however you will definitely need to see a doctor if you have these signs and symptoms. They include:
Other signs and symptoms that may suggest advanced testicular cancer:
If you experience any of these symptoms, you need to see your doctor for further evaluation immediately.
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If you have been diagnosed with testicular cancer, the initial treatment would be to remove the diseased testicle. This procedure is known as the Orchiectomy. The diseased testicle is then sent to the pathologist to determine the stage and extent of the cancer. The report is then sent back to your oncologist or surgeon, to determine further choice of treatment. These options could be chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surveillance. In any case, your doctor will inform you of your best options and leave you to decide on your choice of treatment.
There are clinical trials or new choices of treatment being studied at different centres. You could visit this website www.CureLauncher.com to discuss with them your options. They may have clinical trials with new choices of treatment that could be best matched with you.